Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
4/18/2019
4/4/2019
3/29/2019
3/25/2019
3/1/2019
2/9/2019
1/25/2019
1/18/2019
1/18/2019
Medical Detection Dogs

Specially trained dogs may help diabetes patients control blood sugar levels.

12/20/2018
12/11/2018
12/3/2018
11/8/2018
11/8/2018
Marijuana and Diabetes

Using marijuana may up the risk of a serious complication in type 1 diabetics.

10/12/2018
10/9/2018
10/3/2018
10/2/2018
9/20/2018
9/19/2018
8/10/2018
8/6/2018
7/11/2018
6/29/2018
6/28/2018
6/25/2018
6/25/2018
6/21/2018
6/20/2018
6/14/2018
5/29/2018
5/18/2018
4/18/2018
4/16/2018
4/4/2018
3/30/2018
1/26/2018
1/5/2018
1/2/2018
11/28/2017
11/21/2017
11/17/2017
11/13/2017
10/12/2017
Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Link

Children who develop type 1 diabetes may be at increased risk of celiac disease, study finds

10/10/2017
Pump May Beat Shots for Type 1 Diabetes

Study found young patients had better blood sugar control with insulin pump, but cost is higher

10/10/2017
Where There's Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease May Follow

Screening for early signs of both conditions should be done at birth, study suggests

10/7/2017
Making Halloween a Treat for Kids With Diabetes

Start by setting the same rules for everyone in the family, specialist says

10/5/2017
Rare Tumor May Point the Way to Diabetes Treatment

Insulinomas provide genetic maps for making insulin, researchers say

9/15/2017
Increasing Salt Intake Tied to Diabetes Risk

Odds of both type 2 and latent autoimmune diabetes rose when adults consumed more salt, study shows

9/14/2017
Can Coffee or Tea Extend Survival With Diabetes?

The answer may depend on whether you're a man or a woman