Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

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8/10/2018
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Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Link

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8/8/2017
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Patients saw lasting improvement while playing team-based diabetes education game, study found

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Surprising finding hints at potential future therapy

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6/13/2017
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Study suggests difference stems from both biological and care issues

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New product much easier to use than rescue injections, researcher says

6/7/2017
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Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study

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5/19/2017
Suicide by Insulin?

Self-harm and suicidal behavior may not always be obvious in people with diabetes

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Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes

Patient still off injections a year after receiving cells in area near stomach

4/25/2017
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An individual's level of risk for diabetic eye disease should guide how often they're screened, study says

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Diabetes Continues Its Relentless Rise

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Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

2/28/2017
Youth With Type 2 Diabetes Often Face Complications

This growing group has double the problems as peers with type 1 disease, study finds